Estrogen is a hormone that is available in the female body. It is a group of steroid hormones.
Estrogen promotes the development and maintenance of feminine features of the body. Estrogen hormones can be produced artificially for use in oral contraceptives. It can also treat menopausal and menstrual disorders.
Role of estrogen in female:
At the rise of puberty, estrogen plays a vital role in the development of female secondary sex characteristics. It includes breasts, broad hips, pubic hair, and armpit hair.
Estrogen hormone helps to synchronize the menstrual cycle. It also helps in controlling the growth of the uterine lining during the first part of the period.
Benefits of estrogen hormone:
Estrogen triggers the growth of the egg follicle.
In the vagina:
It stimulates the growth of the vagina to its adult size, and it also helps in thickening the vagina wall. It also increases vaginal acidity, which reduces bacterial infections.
A rise in estrogen level:
When there is a rise in the estrogen level, it may lead to blood clots and stroke. It may also give rise to thyroid dysfunction.
Indication of high estrogen:
- It gives rise to the symptoms of PMS
- Decreased sex drive
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Swelling and tenderness in the breast
- Mood swings
- Cold hand and feet
- Sleepiness or fatigue
- Trouble in sleeping
- Memory problems
- Weight gain
- Anxiety and panic attacks
- Hair loss
Treatment for Estrogen:
Estrogen can be treated by taking pills. It is the most common form of ERT
Skin Patches is a treatment where one should wear the patch on the lower stomach beneath the waistline. It can be a patch of Alora, Climara, Estraderm, Vivelle-dot.
Tropical creams, gels, and sprays offer an additional way of getting the estrogen into your system.
Vaginal suppositions, rings, and cream can be applied directly to the vaginal area. It is a treatment that is preferred to a woman who is explicitly troubled by vaginal dryness, itchiness, and burning or pain.
Estrogen treatment varies from person to person. It depends on the problem she is facing. Proper medications and regular check-ups can help to get rid of the estrogen problem.